how to use

How to use Fire Extinguisher

 Using a fire extinguisher may be a life-threatening activity if not performed well. How many times we have seen fire extinguishers installed in our houses or workplaces but don’t bother to take some time to stop and think about how it works and how one should use it. 
To spread awareness, October 6-12 (one week) is declared as fire prevention week – letting people know about how can they perfectly use fire safety techniques and tools to keep themselves one step ahead of the danger.

Instructions before Use

  • Fire extinguishers are heavy, so do practice to pick them up and hold them for a few minutes to get an idea about weight and feel.
  • Have a look at the instruction written over it. Warnings found on fire extinguishers would be helpful to read. Make sure every fire extinguisher has a different set of instructions to go through.
  • Rehearsal releasing discharge hose to sprinkle extinguisher at the base of the fire. Avoid pulling the pin because it will break the extinguisher seal and cause it to lose pressure.

release of fire extinguisher

  • Don’t jump into the fire on your own until and unless you don’t get a sign that everyone is safely outside of the building. Fight with fire if you’ve made practice and acknowledge the tactics to tackle the situation no matter how much it gets worse. Don’t forget to determine exit routes for yourself!
  • Use fire extinguishers to put down fire for small or contained spaces only. Fight with fire when you notice that the height of the flame is not more than your actual eight. Evacuate the building if the flames cross your height.
  • Did you ever try to put off the fire in a room fill with smoke? Well, if you have ever done this before don’t put your life at risk one more time. Evacuate the smokey room as soon as you can instead of fighting fire on your own silently.

smokey room

  • The reason behind this tactic is smoke through inhalation may cause dumbness, sleepy and unconscious mind state that may stick you in the middle of the fire closing all exit routes.
    Cover your mouth and get down on the ground to avoid smoke side effects. Is it is possible to crawl, do as it is to come safely out of the room?
  • Use right and suitably designed fire extinguisher for a specific type of fire. Your intelligence and sense of fire extinguisher use can be seen from it.

Easy to use Guide for Fire Extinguishers

Once you get to know about different types of fire extinguishers and their uses you need to know how to properly use it. It’s compulsory to know the locations and types of fire extinguishers before using them. Let’s discuss the easy-to-remember procedurehow to use a fire extinguisher.

1. Call the Fire department

Before using a fire extinguisher to put out the fire, do an in-depth analysis to determine whether you can fight the fire or not. If you don’t think you can fight with fire anymore, give a call to the rescue department, and start evacuating the building.

Start helping people rushing out through an exit route.


The whole building is evacuated and the building is on fire still but you’re outside, ask anyone to call the emergency department to save something although not everything. but if you know how to extinguish a fire on your own, do it best until and unless the fire department reaches and analyzes fire properly.

2. Detect Exit Route

Before using a fire extinguisher, make sure you have a clear evacuation or exit route.  So, in any case, if you can’t put out the fire you can run away from a safe exit.

This path is selected where fire extinguishers are installed and keep multiple options nearby.

exit route

A question that arises here is an exit path may also cover with fire how one can use it as an exit path? There are two things to be considered while talking about escaping routes as:

  1. Exit routes are nearby to the main gate from where a person can go outside as soon he smells smoke.
  2. The exit path must be protected by fire-resisting construction material. accommodation or car parking lounge must have a protected way to come out. fire extinguishers discourage the smoke from entering the lounge or parking halls by lowering the positive air pressure.

3. Hold your back

Keep you back to the clear exit and face fire directly with a fire extinguisher in your hand. This will help you in escaping out if you’ve no quick means an emergency.

hold your back

Fire extinguisher means trying your best to survive and saving others’ life. It doesn’t mean that you’ve to fight with dragon size fire with an ant size fire extinguisher. It would be your foolishness!

Want to fight with limited resources? Don’t forget to take precautionary guidelines that ever you’ve heard or read about from any source. So, an important aspect is you don’t need to turn or disoriented here and there to run away if you stand in a position that an exit door is just behind your back.

4. Stand at Distance

Don’t stand close to the fire. Ugh, stay away from fire at least 6-8 feet while you prepare yourself to operate a fire extinguisher. You can move closer to the fire when you notice that flames have been turned off.

stand at distance6-meter distance is suggested because, in order to put off the fire, fire can take you in its lap via your hair, fabric, or extinguisher hose made up of rubber. Survival under regulatory conditions is much better than unconsciously being a victim of the fire.

5. Start Releasing Extinguisher

Is it hard for you to memorize which step you should perform first during an emergency? well, it’s a hard time to decide and recall steps.  Just remember the PASS acronym word!

Fire Extinguisher PASS

have you ever thought about the PASS for fire? What does the acronym PASS stand for?

PASS is an abbreviated term for Pull, Aim, Squeeze and Sweep. Let’s shed some light on it!

Fire Extinguisher PASS Method

P – P in PASS means pull the pin on the fire extinguisher. Every fire extinguisher is equipped with a pin just like tin packs. A pin is inserted into the handle to keep discharge safe from running out.

Every fire extinguisher is fastened with a zip tie attached to the pin. The purpose behind this zip tie is to let the fire department know that fire extinguisher has been used to put off the fire.

A – A in PASS means point the nozzle on the hose low at the base of the fire. You can point the fire extinguisher towards the fire as hold carrying handle in one hand and the nozzle in the second one. Point the hose directly to the fire moving hand gradually near to the base origin.

All you’ve to put out the fuel that’s causing combustion. So, focus on fuel sources instead of flames!


 Note: while using a CO2 fire extinguisher keep your hands away from the plastic discharge horn because it gets tremendously cold on release. 

S – S in PASS mean squeeze to handle the amount or quantity of extinguisher to discharge. The functionality of a hose or nozzle isn’t possible without the squeeze. To release the extinguishing agent, press the lower handle’s layers together to exert pressure or force.

 Note: To stop extinguishing agent dispersion, release the levers. 

S – another S in PASS means sweep the nozzle at back and forth. Remember keep the fire extinguisher at the base of the fire and move it from side to side slightly until and unless flames are smothered. Keep sweeping fire extinguisher until and unless flames turn into ashes!
That’s the pass on the fire extinguisher process!

6. Find a Safe & Secure place

If you’re unable to use the PASS technique to extinguish the fire, leave the place immediately. If the agent has been ended up and the fire is spreading around, step back to the exit route and run away promptly.

safe place
Safe and Secure places don’t include places inside the house where the fire hasn’t reached yet. Don’t look for short time safety but try to get a long time life protection. Directly, move to the place that can steer you towards the main gate no matter if you have to crawl or inhaled smoke at little.

Being burned fully is much worst than inhaling smoke for short time!

7. Take care of things

Once the fire ended, analyze each and every corner of the house, or flames that may re-ignite within a few seconds should be checked. If the flames again catch fire, repeat the PASS for fire safety.

take care of thingssometimes, the fire rescue department doesn’t bother to go inside the house and see things in depth. it’s your duty to get into your house right after the incident and observe is everything free of flames? Don’t try to find peace of mind in a burned house but after renovation.


Q1. Do fire extinguishers need maintenance?

Of course, fire extinguishers need regular maintenance from a fire protection contractor. The contractor inspects fire extinguishers according to the industry safety and maintenance standards to keep things simple and ongoing.

Q2. Why do fire extinguishers expire?

we can’t highlight one reason for expiration. fire extinguisher’s expiry is caused by a weak seal on the neck, extinguishing material loses pressure and irregular maintenance. so, never rely on the expiry date written over the cylinder!

Q3. Can an overcharge fire extinguisher cause problem?

Yes, overcharges fire extinguisher sometimes causes leakage or even worse just like gas cylinders. The same scenario is followed for undercharged fire extinguishers.


The use of fire extinguisher seems straight forward because you don’t need to read the instruction before or have to specially prepare cylinders during a fire emergency.

Don’t you think that fire extinguisher is like insurance? You purchase it considering that you’ll never use it but it helps you when everything vanishes into ashes. Fire extinguishers give you peace of mind and keep you relax socially especially in bonfire nights or BBQ events.

You won’t have to rush here and there for someone who will have mercy on you in escaping from a fire. Be brave, learn, and acquire knowledge about how to use fire extinguishers of different types at particular fires. Be your bodyguard and protect yourself!

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