fire home safety

Home Fire Safety Checklist

Fire prevention is always a first step instead of diving into the hell of fire and watching your dreams go up in smoke. To prevent a house from the devastation, we all truly need some  handy tricks and fire prevention tips  that we can implement in disastrous moments. You have to act nicely because two minutes of fire can turn the whole house into ashes and sometimes life-threatening disasters too.

Fire destruction is a one man’s job, fire prevention is everyone’s job.

home safety

According to one of the FEMA published reports, every year fire eats thousands of lives with billions of properties. The death ratio caused by smoke and heat from the fire is on the climax. Hopefully, we all need  fire safety tips and home fire safety checklist  tactics to avert house from fire. Let’s start the journey:

Fire Fighting and Fire Safety Equipment

Two minutes house fires can demolish your whole life’s assets including building, apartment, and materialistic items.  The fire has only 4 properties described below but it can turn your dreams, and life into cinders within a few seconds.

Fire is Dark – although it starts bright suddenly it turns into black smoke which is completely dark.

Fire is Fast – a small flicker can be turned into a major fire. A house can be filled with engulfed flames within a few minutes.

Fire is Hot —  Every one of us is afraid of flames because these are more threatening than anything. For instance, a kid is curious to touch flame but as soon as he experienced, he stops chasing fire and takes precautionary measures to stay safe.

fire

Fire is deadly – fire is said to be deadly because of its toxic and panic smoke that can kill more people. Fire yields poisonous gases that can faint anyone. Asphyxiation – exceeding the 3-to-1 ratio, is becoming a major cause of fire deaths nowadays.

Install Reliable Safety Protection

Pay attention to your apartment and make sure it has working  smoke alarms  . If it’s a multi-story building then every floor must be equipped with a functional smoke alarm. Test alarms and change their batteries if needed.

Have an Escape Route

Is your building on fire and don’t you know where is your escape route? What to do if someone is on fire? Architectures focus on emergency lifesaving routes along with every element.

Count how many doors are there in your home and choose the nearest door to your room as a fire exit route. Look at the map, decide the nearest door, and establish an evacuation plan to practice regularly. If you’re at roof-top and fire starts don’t rush to the lower floor to just prop-out from the declared exit door. Instead of it, choose another way and act wisely.

Be Careful with Candles

Candles are used to create a soothing atmosphere, especially on gatherings or events. People ignore candles and firecrackers on birthday parties or wedding but their ignorance may let them pay off heavily. You’ll find it helpful in sudden electricity blackout.

use candles carefully

Take the below-given measures to safe  yourself and your beloved ones from residential fire:

  • Keep candles one foot away from yourself on a hard surface.
  • Don’t forget to blow candles while leaving the apartment or going to bed.
  • Use candles on a hard surface that is flat and away from the edge. Nowadays, versatile candle placeholders have been introduced in the market.
  • Never use candles in the presence of oxygen tanks. Have you noticed that petrol stations don’t allow customers to use a matchbox or cigarette near the tank? This is the reason for their prohibition!
  • Develop a habit to use flashlights instead of candles in electricity outage.

Cover your Nose

cover nose

As soon as you feel that fire has spread largely and you can’t escape out  cover your nostrils with a damp towel or shirt’s sleeves  . If you’re with children cover their faces too with your hands. This is the best way to prevent smoke from entering the lungs.

Do not rush into the fiery room in search of finding the best escaping route. This is like inviting a massive danger to come to you.

Spot Heaters Strategically

In winters, mostly Newspapers contain red highlighted headlines on the front page that a   rapid-fire has destroyed everything due to negligence  .

Why this news become common in winters?

One of the major causes of heating mechanisms during winter is   portable heaters.   As long as you’re running the heater in your room, you’re at risk no matter to what extent.

Read and implement a piece of instructions. Instructions are always worthy than the worst suffering. Use portable heaters to keep yourself warm but with these mentioned instructions:

  • Spot heater at a place that doesn’t block the way. Keep any volatile and interlaced knitting three feet away from the heater that can melt or burn respectively.
  • Never let heater on all days and nights.
  • Don’t allow children and pets to go near the heaters.
  • Follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully if you want to facilitate yourself with a luxurious environment.
  • Track your space heater’s direction exactly as declared by the company if you’re not sure that it could be hazardous.

Get a Fire Extinguisher

fire extinguisher

Fire alarms give you warning signs that something is going to be troublesome. Get ready and take preventive measures.   Fire extinguishers   should be mounted in every building either commercial or private.

Extra note for those who ignore fire alarm sign by thinking that it has been worn out that’s why causing such beeps. Even if it is generating false beeps, get up and go for extinguisher as a one-step preventive measure. This instant step about fires can keep you safe from guilt and the worst incident. If you feel that your extinguisher isn’t helping you to tackle the fires at home and has proved your efforts abortive, leave the house small house fire immediately.

Close the Doors

Fire spreads quickly so focus on its  spreading technique  . Suppose you’ve crawled and finally out of the burning room, try to close the doors. Researchers agree that closing doors can prevent the fire from spreading which means enclosing or limiting the fire to a spot for a while.

Lay down & take Breathe  

Once you’ve escaped, stay outside in an open atmosphere. Don’t look back for your materialistic things. Breathe as long as you can.  Call emergency rescue officers   if you believe that your pets are still in the room and should be escaped. Guide officers about your pets or beloved ones where they can be in the house fires.

Get a fire Escape Ladder

escape ladder

The fire escape ladder is an important and unique part of the fire escape plan. If the fire has blocked emergency exits, you’re stuck in your apartment and have to move to the ground floor to get outside means you’ve to cross the fire bridge and who knows will you be alive or not then. Don’t rely on firefighters and have a backup always.

A   fire escape ladder   is a ladder that you usually hook on a window or a secure balcony. Although it seems a scary journey, its end gives you the safety of life.

Call Rescue Department

You observe that fire isn’t fierce yet and you can collect your essential items from home then it would be your life’s biggest mistake. Rush out as soon as you see the first flame coming towards you. Do not stay inside even to search for mobile or laptop devices. Ask you, neighbors, to call the fire-rescue department to help you in a miserable situation.

Halt, Decline and Move

If your clothing catch fire, don’t start screaming, simply drop off your clothes and roll over your back on the floor. This will help you in extinguishing the fire. Start crawling on the floor and remain close to the ground until and unless you don’t find a spot with less temperature and think smoke.  Stay low until a fire rescue professional doesn’t reach you!

Use Blankets

You may see the shock and surprised expressions of the person who catches fire. If the person looks uncommunicative, pale, and delirious then don’t ask him about others. Instead of investigating items he had, cover him with a blanket, and uplift their legs to bring blood back to the head.

Home Fire Safety Checklist

safety checklist

Fire is a thing that can occur in any part of your home leaving you unaware and unconscious until and unless you won’t smell smoke. The  fire safety checklist  will help you to maintain a safety check in your house or apartment. In commercial buildings, institutes, and restaurants,  fire safety measures  in the form of a checklist are displayed on the wall. You can print this checklist and put it on the fridge to let everyone read while passing.

Smoking Habits

Is “NO SMOKING in COMMERCIAL BUILDING or Shopping Malls” a rule of thumb? Is “ No Smoking in bed ” a rule of the apartment? Do follow some smoking safety rules:

  1. Smoke outside because a lot of things in a home can catch fire instantly like a cigarette or ashes. It’s always recommended to smoke outside.
  2. Put stub-out butts in ashtray because ashes can come in contact with the fiber and can give birth to fire. A can or a bottle filled with sand can also be used for the same purpose. Never toss hot cigarette butts.
  3. Don’t forget to put cigarettes out all the way and make it your habit. Walking away from lit cigarettes can be dangerous. It’s a good practice to throw water on ashes and butts to make sure they’re really dead before trashing into the waste bin.

no smoking

  1. Never ever smoke in bed because mattresses and bedding can easily catch fire. Smoking in bed is prevented because at any time you may go into the sleeping valley leaving lit cigarette behind.
  2. Avoid smoking near medical oxygen. Medical oxygen can detonate if a spark is near. Even if oxygen is turned off, it can still get stuck on fire.
  3. Don’t smoke after taking medicines. Smoking after medication can tire you. It would be difficult for you to escape from a fire if you’re sleepy or tired.
  4. Avoid smoldering cigarette butts in furniture because ashes may leave in furniture. These ashes may catch fire from time to time.

Electrical Hazards

Try to figure out the warning signs that indicate possible  wiring or electrical problem . Try to contact a professional to examine the problem immediately.

  1. All the switches and outlets work properly because outdated and frayed switches may indicate an unsafe wiring condition. It would be a fire hazard!
  2. Switches and outlets are warm to touch? Stop using them until and unless its wires aren’t properly checked by a licensed person.
  3. Use appropriate wattage light bulbs and light fixtures because uneven voltage may burn the whole wiring system. A bulb with higher wattage may overheat the fixture leading to a fire.

electrical hazard

  1. Keep portable heaters at least 3 feet away from combustible items like bedding, curtains, or newspaper. Some heaters can produce heat to ignite nearby items.
  2. Embed the correct size of fuses and circuit breakers in your house. the wrong size of fuses overheats the wiring causing fire hazard.
  3. Identify crack, or frayed cords because damaged cords may have exposed wires that can fire the house.

Cooking Safety

  1. The cooking area shouldn’t surround with items that can burn. These items may include napkin, towel, or tissue paper.
  2. Try to stay in the kitchen while boiling, frying, and grilling food. Because some food items may catch fire and can burn items around the stove.
  3. Pot handles turn back of the stove.
  4. The oven, stovetop, and hood must be free of grease.
  5. Don’t wear loose clothing or dangling sleeves in the kitchen.
  6. There should be a “kid-free” zone of three feet around the stove where adults can stand.
  7. Set a timer and keep an eye on the oven if food is cooked in the oven.
  8. Position barbeque grill at least 10 feet away from deck railings and siding.

cooking safety

Portable electrical & gas heaters

Do you know 2 in 5 deaths in space heater fire involve portable electric space heater?

  1. Stay away from combustible electrical or gas heater at least three feet.
  2. Buy licensed and authentic heaters that are nationally recognized such as Underwriters Laboratories (UL).
  3. Try to buy a portable heater that follows a thermostat control mechanism which will trigger the state automatically if the heater falls over.
  4. Never overfill heaters with K-1 kerosene. Heaters cause humidity in closed apartments. Use them in a well-ventilated room!
  5. Keep portable heaters out of the way of foot traffic. Never let them block the passage.
  6. Keep children away from heaters and electrical appliances because they can unconsciously cause damage.
  7. Plug the heater int the wall outlet directly. don’t use an extension cord.

Smoke Alarms safety

smoke alarm

  1. Try to use interconnected  smoke alarms . When one smoke alarm echoes they all sound.
  2. A large home must have more smoke alarms.
  3. A close door may slow down the spread of fire, heat, and smoke. Install a smoke alarm in every sleeping room at every level of the home.
  4. Don’t forget to test smoke alarms after installation. Test them once in a month to be sure the alarm is working fine.
  5.  Place smoke alarms on the ceiling  or high on the wall. Keep smoke alarms away from the kitchen to avoid smoke alarms. The minimum distance should be 3 meters!
  6. Deaf people should have special alarms that have bed shakers and strobe light property.
  7. Replace smoke alarms after 10 years.

Children Safety

  1. Don’t over-plug
  2. Try to run destroyed matches underwater before dumping
  3. Never leave candles or incense burning
  4. Don’t let them play near hearth or stoves
  5. Never  let kids play   with burning matches
  6. Keep combustible objects away from the stove
  7. A mixture of working smoke alarms and fire sprinklers may reduce the risk of people dying in a home

Final Words

You may know well about how fast a house burns but living in an apartment or building requires you to acknowledge certain sets of concerns and  fire prevention tips  to save a life. You can protect yourself in the hour of emergency if you know the house fire prevention tactics given above. Start reading!

FAQ

Q1. Should I try to fight fire?

Yes, you can fight a fire if you’re an expert and have tools to stay safe. You may attempt to extinguisher if the fire isn’t on a large scale otherwise you will hardly find a path.

Q2. Where the extinguishers should be mounted?

Extinguishers mean readily accessible tools for immediate use in an emergency. These should be mounted in a fashion that it doesn’t take much time towards approaching and going back to the fire. If it takes time, the fire will be out of control and may spread over the unlimited range. So there’s no hard and fast rule to mount it outside or inside the room. Location and direction to get it must be synchronized.

Q3. What fire safety equipment should I have all the time?

Generally, the tools and equipment are estimated according to the type, a number of hazards that took place, and location.  The best solution is to have a fire suppression system installed by a professional.

 

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